Distribution:The geographic range of this subspecies is the area of north-eastern Mali, in the Tilemsi Valley at the edge of the Adrar des Iforas Plateau and the area of southern Algeria.
Interesting facts: U.d.maliensis used to be classified as African Uromastyx (U.acanthiura), however, due to the different coloration of both taxa, they were separated from their northern relatives.
Habitat: Deserts and semi-deserts. It lives on dry, sandy areas with very low humidity of about 20%. These are areas with average temperatures at least 10 ° C higher than those with U.acanthiura.The rocky areas typical of many other species of Uromastyx are almost non-existent within the range of Mali Uromastyx.
Terrarium: These are medium size ground-based lizards, which is why the most important is the surface of the so-called floor we can provide in captivity.The minimum size of this parameter for a pair is approx. 1 m2. A height of 50 cm will be sufficient. Proper ventilation of the tank is necessary to maintain low humidity. We should not forget about the implementation of appropriate size of burrows, which will serve for thermoregulation lizards, shelter and help in moulting, thanks to the moist substrate.
Bedding: in our breeding we use a minearal substrate made of a mixture of sand and clay or organic substrate made of corn cobs.
Diet: with notification that Uromastyx also eagerly eats animal food like locusts or crickets. The insects can not, however, form the basis of a diet and should be given in limited quantities – once a week or every other week (too frequent feeding with such a food can lead to kidney failure).
Humidity/temperature: Low humidity 20-30%. The basking spot temperature is very high – around 50-55 ° C, ambient 30-45 ° C. night time temperature (20-22 ° C)
Sex dimorphism: Females have finer and less sharp shaped heads.Males are more contrasted colored. The head, limbs, tail, sometimes also the ventral side are uniformly black and the dorsal side is bright yellow.The coloration of females – different shades of beige and yellow. Black color is not as dominant as in males. In sexually mature individuals, another method is to identify on the basis of the presence of hemipenis, which in males is clearly marked by two bulges at the base of the tail.